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Friday, 8 March 2013

Famous Personality | Famous Bijnori - Bijnor Uttar Pradesh

 Bakht Khan

Bakht Khan Rohilla (1797 - 1859) was commander in chief of Indian rebel forces in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British East India Company.


Bakht Khan was a Pathan related to the family of Rohilla chief Najib-ul-Daula that is from Omer khel section of Yousafzais. He was born in Bijnor in Rohilkhand. Bakht Khan was Subedar in the army of British East India Company, and already had experience of forty years in Bengal Horse Artillery before the uprising of Indian forces in 1857. He had also seen action in the First Afghan War.He is said to have fought bravely in many campaigns.

Military history

When sepoys in Meerut revolted in May, 1857, Bakht Khan organized, trained and built up the Rohilla Sepoys and then left for Delhi.
Delhi was already taken by the rebel forces on 11 May 1857, and Bahadur Shah was proclaimed Emperor of India. Bahadur Shah appointed his eldest son Mirza Zahiruudin as commander in chief, but this prince had no military experience. This was the time when Bakht Khan along with his forces arrived in Delhi on Wednesday 1 July 1857. With his arrival the leadership position did improve, and he was given the title of Saheb-I-Alam Bhadur (Lord Governor General) by the King.
He was virtual commander of sepoy forces, although Mirza Zahiruudin was still the commander in chief. He was appointed in the War Council that was formed to conduct the civil and military affairs. Bakht Khan faced many problems which needed his immediate attention. The first and foremost problem was financial, to solve which he obtained from the King the authority of collecting taxes. The second problem was the problem of supplies which became more and more acute with the passage of time, and became worse when British forces assaulted the city in September.
The British had many spies and agents in the city and were constantly pressurizing the King to surrender. King himself, being a weak character was now worried about his own life, especially after the long six days engagement between British troops and sepoys in the city. At that time instead of focusing on the military front, Bakht Khan had to plead to the King not to surrender. He argued that even if Delhi is lost, this campaign can be carried out from other places. He pleaded King to join him, but King was not interested and surrendered on 20 September 1857 along with his family.
After the war Bakht Khan fled Delhi and did not give in so easily. He joined the forces of Moulavi Ahmadullah, another great fighter of this movement, and fought in Lucknow, Shahjahanpur and other places. He later died unattended in the dense forests of Terai.

Vishal Bharadwaj

Vishal Bhardwaj is an Indian film director, writer and music composer. He was born and raised in the Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh. As a young man, he moved to Delhi and started playing harmonium for little known ghazal singers at the various food festivals in Delhi’s Pragati Maidan. He was later introduced to R.V. Pandit, who offered him a job in his CBS music company in Delhi.
A friend recommended him to the filmmaker Gulzar, with whom he collaborated on TV serials such as Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland and Guchche. Vishal composed the music for Maachis, a film directed by Gulzar. The musical score for Maachis was received to critical and commercial acclaim and earned Vishal the Filmfare R D Burman Award in 1996. Since then, Vishal has scored music for several Hindi films such as Satya, Chachi 420 and a host of other popular projects. He is among the top music directors of the film industry and is known for doing quality work.
Vishal Bhardwaj turned director with his children's film Makdee. He then made the first of his Shakespearean adaptation, Maqbool, based on Macbeth. This was followed up by yet another children's film, The Blue Umbrella based on Ruskin Bond's story of the same name. Omkara marked the second of Vishal's Shakespearan endeavours, this time an adaptation of Othello.
Vishal is known for his collaborations with Gulzar, who opted for Vishal's music in all his directorial ventures since Maachis. In turn, he has provided lyrics to all of Vishal's films. Vishal has done some second unit work for the legendary Francis Ford Coppola on the latter's film Youth Without Youth.
Currently, he is working on Blood Brothers, a 11-minute short film, which is part of Mira Nair's series of HIV-AIDS awareness films. Guillermo Navarro is the cinematographer on this film.
Vishal's next film is likely to be titled Julia, to be co-written with Hollywood screen-writer Matthew Robbins. The film, rumoured to star Hollywood actress Uma Thurman and Bollywood actor Hrithik Roshan, is about the biography of actress Nadira.

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